Retreat on its Commitment To Fight Global AIDS Regardless of the strides PEPFAR offers made, the fight against AIDS is in retreat. PEPFAR is not funded, and the administration provides disregarded laws that would make sure that programs are cost effective and treat the most people feasible. Inefficient and wasteful procedures continue, denying care to hundreds of thousands. The catastrophic influence of the retreat is under way. Treatment programs in Uganda, Mozambique, Botswana and Nigeria have instituted caps on treatment slot machines and are turning people apart or experiencing drug shortages.Shuming Nie, PhD, principal investigator of the project, is among the first researchers in the globe to utilize nanotechnology in the biomedical field. Found in manufacturing for several years, nanotechnology enables scientists to build gadgets and materials one atom or molecule at the same time, creating tightly packed structures that take on new properties by virtue of their miniature size. A nanometer is certainly one-billionth of a meter, or around 100,000 times smaller sized compared to the width of a human being hair. Most animal cellular material are 10,000 – 20,000 nanometers in diameter, so nanoscale products are tiny enough to enter cellular material and analyze DNA and proteins, potentially identifying and dealing with cancerous cells at much earlier phases than currently possible.